Th▓ere was plenty of braver


    ing armies formed opposite ▓one another at about 400 yards range, an●d after due considerati

    on one side attacked,● and without any real tactical plan● the battle became a series of independent comb▓ats, in which, practically, t

    he last unb●roken body remained master of the fi●eld, and called it victory.S●till this was a great advance on t●he tactics of earlier days.The● idea of “tactics” was there, ▓but, like the Caroline “strategy,▓” it was of a very feeble description.

    y, little of the ●combined effort which “tactics” implies.● Artillery. Early B.L.Cannon Culverin● B.L.Ship Gun, 1545 (Recovered 1836). ▓ M.L.Burgundian (without trunn▓ions) 1477. M.L.Spanish (with trunnions & ▓dolphins) 180

    0. R.B.L.Field Gu▓n 1896 But with the Stuarts had arisen a ●new power.To loyalty to the head o●f the State was to be added re▓verence for an asserted divine r▓ight to govern, of which little had been said be●fore.With Ja

    mes I.arose the theory of▓ the divine right of kings.H▓ow it c

    ame to be that his peopl●e,


    or a section of the

    m, acquiesced in this assu▓mption,—if they ever really did,—is one of ▓the unexplained wonders of the time;

    ●but that the idea grew up and grew into full● strength when39 Charles I., ▓the best, if not the ablest of the ▓Stuarts, was king, is clear. With him the id●ea of the personal sacredness of majesty ca▓me to a head, and died with him, as men▓ died for his “idea.” Again an●other stage in the army’s growth.Before t●his brave sol

    diers had died for “ideas”

    ● in battle; now they were to die for an id●ea translated, or crystallise●d, into a king.Out of this feeling came th●e men who fought for the cause an●d the country as well as the sovereign,▓ and less than before for the personal▓ duty due to the military chief or leader of ▓a feudal family or clan.There were ●several reasons for this alteration ▓in the caus

    es that made men then join ●armies.During the Tudor dynasty th▓ere had been a vast e